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How astronauts could farm on the moon with lunar soil nutrients

A new technique for processing lunar soil may help foster plant growth on the moon in hopes for sustaining more long-term lunar missions. 

The European Space Agency (ESA) and Norwegian lunar agriculture company Solsys Mining have studied ways to treat lunar soil, or regolith, to create fertilizer for growing plants. Previous experiments using lunar samples returned to Earth show plants can grow in lunar soil. However, lunar regolith lacks certain amounts of nitrogen compounds and becomes tightly compact when wet, which makes it challenging for the plants to take root and flourish. 

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