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The Diplomat Who Saved Thousands of Jews During the Holocaust

It was a seemingly simple document—a brief 1944 letter with text in German and Hungarian that declared that a Jewish woman from Budapest, was under the protection of the Swiss Legation. But for Maria Magdalena Grausz, it meant freedom.

Grausz and over 60,000 other Hungarian Jews were saved from deportation to concentration camps by similar letters, all issued by a diplomat named Carl Lutz. Credited with saving half of Budapest’s Jewish population from the Holocaust, Lutz used paper, not weapons, to fight the Nazis.

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