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West Point’s Critical Role in the American Revolution

Decades before the establishment of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the strategic plateau on the banks of New York’s Hudson River played a crucial part in the American victory in the Revolutionary War.

Both British and Patriot forces understood the Hudson’s vital importance in winning the war. Since the colonies’ primitive roads were difficult to traverse, the river was a liquid highway for efficiently transporting troops, artillery, food and information during the American Revolution. If the British could seize the Hudson, they could sever New England from the rest of the rebellious colonies and choke off the flow of troops and goods.

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